Significance of Vap Poya
The Vap Full Moon Poya Day is also one of the greatest Significance Poya days out of all Poya days. Therefore it marks several important events in the Lord Buddha’s life. On this poya day Buddha’s preaching of Abhidharma to the Mother Goddesses. Performing the Devavarohana Pooja. Appointing of Sariputta Maha Thera as the Chief Disciple. Sending Prince Aritta to Dambadiva to bring the Sri Maha Bodhiya. Conducting Vinaya Sangha at Thuparamaya. Donating the Katina Chivara Pooja.
Preaching of Abhidharma to the Mother Goddesses
Maha Maya, the mother of Buddha pass away a week after Buddha was born. She was reborn in the celestial abode of Tavatimsa as a god named Santusita. However, to honour his mother, Buddha ascended to the Tavatimsa Heaven and preached from the Abhidhamma texts to Santusita for three months. After hearing Abhidharma Mother Goddesses received the sowan palaya.
Performing the Devavarohana Pooja
The Lord Buddha ascended to Sankassapura and performed the Devavarohana Pooja.
Sariputta Maha Thera as the Chief Disciple
The appointment of Sariputta Maha Thera as the Chief Disciple of the Buddha took place during on this important Poya day.
Maitreya Bodhisattva became the Bhikku
Further, on this Poya day, another significant event took place. The future Buddha to be Maitreya Bodhisattva entered the Bhikkusasana on this Poya day.
Sending Prince Aritta to Dambadiva to bring the Sri Maha Bodhiya
Another important event took place during on this Poya Day that the King Devanampiyatissa officially sent a delegation to meet the Great Emperor Asoka as religious emissaries to India. King Devanapathisa sent a delegation including Prince Aritta to Dambadiva to bring Sri Maha Bodhi.
King Devanampiyatissa inquired from Venerable Mahinda Maha Thera, whether Buddhism has taken deep root in Sri Lanka? The monk replied it will be established firmly once a Sinhala child was ordained.
Conducting Vinaya Sangha at Thuparamaya
Conducting Vinaya Sangha at Thuparamaya Temple Anuradhapura by Arahant Sigala with the knowledge of Arahant Mahinda.
Donating the Katina Chivara Pooja
This symbols the donating of the Katina Cheevara or new robes to Buddhist monks, who observed ‘Vas’-Rainy Retreat beginning from Esala to Vap.
Buddhist Lent begins on Esala Full Moon Poya and lasts for three months. During this time, Monks will stay inside their temples and rely on alms from devotees. The full moon in Vap marks Buddha’s return to earth and signifies the end of Buddhist Lent.
During the Rainy season, or Vas season the Buddhist monks are restricted to remain indoors. They are restricted to their temples. They do not proceed on Pindapatha. The monks during this period depend on alms provided by lay devotees.