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Ranil Wickremesinghe became Prime Minister of Sri Lanka

Ranil Wickremesinghe became Prime Minister of Sri Lanka

On this day during on May 12, 2022, United National Party (UNP) leader Ranil Wickremesinghe became the first-ever Prime Minister (PM) in Sri Lankan history to be PM by having only one seat in Parliament.

Ranil Wickremesinghe Prime Minister of Sri Lanka

In 2020, Ranil Wickremesinghe lost his seat from Colombo with less than 30,000 votes and less than a year after entering the Parliament through the single National List seat that was secured by the UNP. He has now become the PM of Sri Lanka for the 6th time and he is the 25th PM in Sri Lanka.

Ranil Wickremesinghe

He served as Prime Minister of Sri Lanka from 1993 to 1994, 2001 to 2004, 2015 to 2015 (100 days), 2015 to 2018, and 2018 to 2019.

MP Wickremesinghe will replace Mahinda Rajapaksa, as the latter resigned from the post of Prime Minister on May 09. Today, the parliamentarian was sworn in as the Prime Minister before President Gotabaya Rajapaksa.

Ranil Wickremesinghe has been the leader of the United National Party since 1994 and has served as the Leader of the Opposition from 1994 to 2001 and from 2004 to 2015.

Ranil Wickramasinghe has been sworn in as prime minister the most times in the country’s history, on six occasions, whilst Dudley Shelton Senanayaka, Sirimavo Bandaranayake, and Mahinda Rajapakse were appointed three times.

List of prime ministers

Parties

  United National Party(8)  Sri Lanka Freedom Party(6)  Sinhala Language Front(1)  Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna(1)

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Constituency/Title
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Other ministerial offices
held while Prime Minister
Political party
of PM
(Alliance)
GovernmentRefs
1Official Photographic Portrait of Don Stephen Senanayaka (1884-1952).jpgDS Senanayake
දොන් ස්ටීවන් සේනානායක
டான் ஸ்டீபன் சேனாநாயக்க
(1883–1952)
Mirigama
24 September
1947
22 March
1952
Minister of External Affairs and DefenceUnited National PartyD. S. Senanayake3rd[10]
1947
The first Prime Minister of Ceylon. The country gained independence from United Kingdom during his term of office.[11]
2Dudley Shelton Senanayaka (1911-1973).jpgDudley Senanayake
ඩඩ්ලි සේනානායක
டட்லி சேனநாயக்கா
(1911–1973)
Dedigama
26 March
1952
12 October
1953
Minister of External Affairs and Defence
Minister of Agriculture & Lands
& Minister of Health & Local Government
United National PartyDudley Senanayake I3rd
4th
[10]
1952
Appointed as Prime Minister following the death of his father, D. S. Senanayake. His party won at the general elections held in June 1952, and he continued in the office without a re-appointment. Dudley Senanayake resigned in 1953.[12]
3John Kotelawala (1951).jpgSir John Kotelawala
ශ්‍රිමත් ජෝන් කොතලාවල
சேர் ஜோன் கொத்தலாவலை
CH, KBE, KStJ, CLI
(1897–1980)
Dodangaslanda
12 October
1953
12 April
1956
Minister of External Affairs and Defence
& Minister of Transport & Works
United National PartyKotelawala4th[10]
 —
Sri Lanka joined the United Nations under the leadership of Kotelawala.[13]
4Official Photographic Portrait of S.W.R.D.Bandaranayaka (1899-1959).jpgS.W.R.D. Bandaranaike
සොලමන් වෙස්ට් රිජ්වේ ඩයස් බණ්ඩාරනායක
சாலமன் வெஸ்ட் ரிட்ஜ்வே டயஸ் பண்டாரநாயக்கா
(1899–1959)
Attanagalla
12 April
1956
26 September
1959†
Minister of External Affairs and DefenceSri Lanka Freedom Party
(Mahajana Eksath Peramuna)
S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike5th[10]
1956
Bandaranaike changed the official language of the country from English to Sinhalese. He was assassinated before his term of office ended.[14]
5Wijeyananda Dahanayake portrait.jpgWijeyananda Dahanayake
විජයානන්ද දහනායක
விஜயானந்த தகநாயக்கா
(1902–1997)
Galle
26 September
1959
20 March
1960
Minister of External Affairs and DefenceSinhala Language Front
(Mahajana Eksath Peramuna)
Dahanayake5th[10]
 —
Dahanayake was appointed following the assassination of Bandaranaike. However, following disagreements with the members of his government and party, he was forced to dissolve the parliament.[15]
6Dudley Shelton Senanayaka (1911-1973).jpgDudley Senanayake
ඩඩ්ලි සේනානායක
டட்லி சேனநாயக்கா
(1911–1973)
Dedigama
21 March
1960
21 July
1960
Minister of External Affairs and DefenceUnited National PartyDudley Senanayake II6th[10]
March 1960
Senanayake’s government was defeated after one month. Senanayake continued to serve as Prime Minister until 21 July 1960.
7Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranayaka (1916-2000) (Hon.Sirimavo Bandaranaike with Hon.Lalith Athulathmudali Crop).jpgSirimavo Bandaranaike
සිරිමාවො රත්වත්තේ ඩයස් බණ්ඩාරනායක
சிறிமா ரத்வத்தே டயஸ் பண்டாரநாயக்கே
(1916–2000)
21 July
1960
25 March
1965
Minister of External Affairs and DefenceSri Lanka Freedom PartySirimavo Bandaranaike I7th[10]
July 1960
Sirimavo Bandaranaike was the world’s first female prime minister.[16] She was not a member of Parliament at the time of appointment, and was appointed to the Senate on 2 August 1960.
8Dudley Shelton Senanayaka (1911-1973).jpgDudley Senanayake
ඩඩ්ලි සේනානායක
டட்லி சேனநாயக்கா
(1911–1973)
Dedigama
25 March
1965
29 May
1970
Minister of External Affairs and DefenceUnited National PartyDudley Senanayake III8th[10]
1965
Senanayake was elected Prime Minister for the third time, when his party formed a government with the help of six other parties, after an election which did not give a clear majority to any party. The agriculture sector was given high priority during his term of office.[17]
9Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranayaka (1916-2000) (Hon.Sirimavo Bandaranaike with Hon.Lalith Athulathmudali Crop).jpgSirimavo Bandaranaike
සිරිමාවො රත්වත්තේ ඩයස් බණ්ඩාරනායක
சிறிமா ரத்வத்தே டயஸ் பண்டாரநாயக்கே
(1916–2000)
Attanagalla
29 May
1970
22 May
1972
Minister of External Affairs and Defence
& Minister of Planning & Employment
Sri Lanka Freedom PartySirimavo Bandaranaike II9th[10]
22 May
1972
23 July
1977
10th
1970
Sirimavo Bandaranaike declared the country a republic, and its name was changed from Ceylon to Sri Lanka.[16] Nationalized many companies in the plantation sector and imposed restrictions on several imports. This led to the downfall of the country’s economy, and she was defeated in the general elections of 1977, with allegations of corruption which later led to her expulsion from Parliament.[16]
10Junius Richard Jayawardana (1906-1996).jpgJunius Richard Jayewardene
ජුනියස් රිචඩ් ජයවර්ධන
ஜூனியஸ் ரிச்சட் ஜயவர்தனா
(1906–1996)
Colombo West
23 July
1977
4 February
1978
Minister of Defence
Minister of Planning & Economic Affairs
& Minister of Plan Implementation
United National PartyJayewardene11th[10]
1977
Introduced the Executive Presidency in 1978, and assumed the position of President of Sri Lanka.[18]
11Ranasinghe Premadasa.jpegRanasinghe Premadasa
රණසිංහ ප්‍රේමදාස
ரணசிங்க பிரேமதாசா
(1924–1993)
Colombo Central
6 February
1978
2 January
1989
Minister of Local Government, Housing & ConstructionUnited National PartyJayewardene11th
12th
[10]
 —
Was the first Prime Minister to be appointed after the constitutional changes of 1978, with powers of the position reduced significantly.[19]
12Dingiri Banda Wijetunga
ඩිංගිරි බණ්ඩා විජේතුංග
டிங்கிரி பண்ட விஜேதுங்க
(1916–2008)
Kandy
6 March
1989
7 May
1993
Minister of Finance
& Minister of Labour & Vocational Training
United National PartyPremadasa13th[10]
1989
Was appointed in a surprise move by the then President, Ranasinghe Premadasa. Wijetunge himself reacted in surprise at the appointment.[3] He resigned from the post on 28 March 1990, but was reappointed two days later, on 30 March 1990.
13Ranil Wickremesinghe.jpgRanil Wickremesinghe
රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ
ரணில் விக்ரமசிங்க
(1949–)
Gampaha
7 May
1993
19 August
1994
United National PartyWijetunga13th[10]
 —
Appointed as the Prime Minister[20] when Wijetunge was appointed as the President of Sri Lanka, following the assassination of the former president, Ranasinghe Premadasa.
14Chandrika Kumaratunga.jpgChandrika Kumaratunga
චන්ද්‍රිකා බණ්ඩාරනායක කුමාරතුංග
சந்திரிகா பண்டாரநாயக்கே குமாரதுங்கா
(1945–)
Gampaha
19 August
1994
12 November
1994
Sri Lanka Freedom Party
(People’s Alliance)
Wijetunga14th[10]
1994
Served as the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka for a short period, before contesting in the presidential elections in 1994 and being elected as president.[21]
15Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranayaka (1916-2000) (Hon.Sirimavo Bandaranaike with Hon.Lalith Athulathmudali Crop).jpgSirimavo Bandaranaike
සිරිමාවො රත්වත්තේ ඩයස් බණ්ඩාරනායක
சிறிமா ரத்வத்தே டயஸ் பண்டாரநாயக்கே
(1916–2000)
National List
14 November
1994
9 August
2000
Sri Lanka Freedom Party
(People’s Alliance)
Kumaratunga14th[10]
 —
Sirimavo Bandaranaike was appointed as the Prime Minister when Chandrika Kumaratunga was appointed as the President of Sri Lanka. She resigned in 2000.[16]
16Ratnasiri Wickremanayake1.jpgRatnasiri Wickremanayake
රත්නසිරි වික්‍රමනායක
ரத்னசிறி விக்கிரமநாயக்க
(1933–2016)
Kalutara
10 August
2000
7 December
2001
Sri Lanka Freedom Party
(People’s Alliance)
Kumaratunga14th
15th
[10]
2000
Wickremanayake assumed the office of the Prime Minister following the resignation of Sirimavo Bandaranaike.[2]
17Ranil Wickremesinghe.jpgRanil Wickremesinghe
රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ
ரணில் விக்ரமசிங்க
(1949–)
Colombo
9 December
2001
6 April
2004
United National Party
(United National Front)
Kumaratunga16th[10]
2001
Wickremesinghe’s term of office ended early when the then president Chandrika Kumaratunga dismissed his government and called for a general election in 2004.[22]
18WEF on the Middle East Arab and foreign Ministers Crop.jpgMahinda Rajapaksa
මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ
மகிந்த ராசபக்ச
(1945–)
Hambantota
6 April
2004
19 November
2005
Ministry of HighwaysSri Lanka Freedom Party
(United People’s Freedom Alliance)
Kumaratunga17th[10]
2004
Appointed as Prime Minister of the Cabinet that was formed after the elections following the dismissal of Wickremesinghe’s government by President Chandrika Kumaratunga. He won the presidential elections in 2005 and assumed the office of the President of Sri Lanka.[23]
19Ratnasiri Wickremanayake1.jpgRatnasiri Wickremanayake
රත්නසිරි වික්‍රමනායක
ரத்னசிறி விக்கிரமநாயக்க
(1933–2016)
National List
19 November
2005
21 April
2010
Sri Lanka Freedom Party
(United People’s Freedom Alliance)
Mahinda Rajapaksa17th[10]
 —
Appointed as Prime Minister when Rajapaksa assumed the office of the President of Sri Lanka.[2]
20Nimal Korale PM- cropped.jpgD. M. Jayaratne
දිසානායක මුදියන්සේලාගේ ජයරත්න
திசாநாயக்க முதியன்சேலாகே ஜயரத்ன
(1931–2019)
National List
21 April
2010
9 January
2015
Minister of Buddhasasana & Religious AffairsSri Lanka Freedom Party
(United People’s Freedom Alliance)
Mahinda Rajapaksa18th[10]
2010
Appointed as Prime Minister after the parliamentary election held in April 2010 was won by the incumbent Freedom Party.
21Ranil Wickremesinghe.jpgRanil Wickremesinghe
රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ
ரணில் விக்ரமசிங்க
(1949–)
Colombo
9 January
2015
26 October
2018
Minister of National Policies and Economic AffairsUnited National Party
(United National Front for Good Governance)
Sirisena I18th[10]
2015Sirisena II19th
Appointed as Prime Minister by President Maithripala Sirisena after winning 2015 presidential election and was re-elected in the 2015 parliamentary election. 2018 Sri Lankan constitutional crisis
22WEF on the Middle East Arab and foreign Ministers Crop.jpgMahinda Rajapaksa
මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ
மகிந்த ராசபக்ச
(1945–)
Kurunegala de facto
26 October
2018
15 December
2018
Minister of Finance and Economic AffairsSri Lanka Podujana Peramuna
(United People’s Freedom Alliance)
Sirisena III19th[10]
Appointed by Sirisena, after sudden dismissal of incumbent Wickremesinghe. Term was challenged by Wickremesinghe and Sri Lanka had two concurrent Prime ministerial claimants. Failed to conduct a majority support vote in the house. Subsequently, resigned from office, to pave way for Wickremesinghe.[24] Duties suspended by the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka.[25] 2018 Sri Lankan constitutional crisis
23Ranil Wickremesinghe.jpgRanil Wickremesinghe
රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ
ரணில் விக்ரமசிங்க
(1949–)
Colombo
16 December
2018
21 November
2019
Minister of National Policies and Economic AffairsUnited National Party
(United National Front for Good Governance)
Sirisena IV19th[10]
Restored as Prime Minister after the 2018 Sri Lankan constitutional crisis.

24

WEF on the Middle East Arab and foreign Ministers Crop.jpgMahinda Rajapaksa
මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ
மகிந்த ராசபக்ச
(1945–)
Kurunegala
21 November
2019
9 May
2022
Minister of Finance
Minister of Urban Development & Housing
Minister of Buddhasasana, Religious & Cultural Affairs
Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna
(Sri Lanka People’s Freedom Alliance)
Gotabaya Rajapaksa I19th[10]
2020Gotabaya Rajapaksa II20th
Appointed by Gotabaya Rajapaksa, following the resignation of Ranil Wickremesinghe after the 2019 Sri Lankan presidential election and was re-appointed following the 2020 Sri Lankan parliamentary election. Most of his tenure was plagued with major economic and political crises. Resigned amidst the 2022 Sri Lankan protests.
25Ranil Wickremesinghe.jpgRanil Wickremesinghe
රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ
ரணில் விக்ரமசிங்க
(1949–)
Colombo
12 May
2022
IncumbentMinister of National Policies and Economic AffairsUnited National Party
(United National Front for Good Governance)
Sirisena IV20th[10]
Restored as Prime Minister after the 2022 Sri Lankan political crisis.

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