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1829, America’s First Typewriter Received Patents

1829, America’s First Typewriter Received Patents

America’s First Typewriter Received Patents

On this day July 23, 1829, An American inventor, William Austin Burt patents (number 259) America’s first typographer (typewriter). The machine was a rectangular wooden box 12 in (300 mm) wide, 12 in (300 mm) high, and 18 in (460 mm) long.

Burt's "typographer" 1830 patent model version mounted on four three foot long legs showing the lever hammer imprinting assembly in up position.
Burt’s “typographer” 1830 patent model version mounted on four three foot long legs showing the lever hammer imprinting assembly in up position.

Typewriter

However, the Typewriter controlled by hand to provide a printed ink impression on paper. Meanwhile, William had two types of mechanical devices. The first device made by a wooden box that could be carried by hand. The next device was a large advanced model that was fixed on four legs. Firstly, the working model provided by Burt for his 1829 patent was unfortunately destroyed in the 1836 Patent Office fire.

Burt demonstrating his typographer writer striking the lever hammer down to make a typed impression of letter selected. 1829, America's First Typewriter Received Patents
America’s Typewriter : Burt demonstrating his typographer writer striking the lever hammer down to make a typed impression of letter selected

However, the main purpose of the typewriter was to speed up secretarial work. Meanwhile, the Typewriter not accomplished according to his plan.

The US President Andrew Jackson, US Secretary of State, and future eighth US President Martin Van Buren signed the original patent.

Letters Patent 1829 – signed by President Andrew Jackson
Letters Patent 1829 – signed by President Andrew Jackson

William Austin Burt

William was the fifth of eight children and he was born June 13, 1792, at his parent’s farm located in nearby Petersham, Massachusetts. He was an American scientist, inventor, justice of the peace, businessman, surveyor, and soldier.

William Austin Burt : sketch, before 1873. America's Typewriter
William Austin Burt : sketch, before 1873

He patented several main items in the 19th century and there were still using in the 21st century. He invents the Typewriter and it was an America’s First with a patent. After that, he invented Solar Compass in 1835 and the Equatorial sextant in 1856.

Burt's solar compass
Burt’s solar compass
Equatorial sextant
Equatorial sextant

Therefore, he referred to as the father of the typewriter by journals and magazines.

Reference

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Typographer_(typewriter)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Austin_Burt#Typographer

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