1938, Boeing 314 Clipper Flying Boat First Flown
On this day June 7, 1938, Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat first flown. The first flight, piloted by Edmund T. “Eddie” Allen.
The Boeing was a United States long-range flying boat produced by the Boeing Airplane Company between 1938 and 1941.
However, it was is one of the largest aircraft of its time. The Boeing 314 Clipper used the massive wing of Boeing’s earlier XB-15 bomber prototype to achieve the range necessary for flights across the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
Twelve Clippers has built and nine were bring into service for Pan Am. The huge flying boat has assembled at Boeing’s Plant 1 on the Duwamish River in Seattle, and towed to Elliott Bay for taxi and flight tests.
Passenger’s allowed up to 77 pounds (35 kg) free baggage allowance (in the later 314 series) but then charged $3.25 per pound ($7.2/kg) (equivalent to $59 in 2019) for exceeding the limit.
In 1946, the last Pan Am 314 retire. However, the California Clipper NC18602, had accumulated more than a million flight miles. Meantime, 12 Boeing 314 Clippers built and three of lost to accidents. On February 22, 1943, unfortunitly 24 passengers and crew aboard the Yankee Clipper NC18603 lost their lives in a landing accident at Cabo Ruivo Seaplane Base, in Lisbon, Portugal.
However, among the flight’s passengers has been prominent an American author and war correspondent Benjamin Robertson killed. Meantime, an American singer and actress Jane Froman seriously injured.
Meantime, the Pan-Am’s 314 remove from schedule service in 1946.